sum

sum
[[t]sʌm[/t]]
n. v. summed, sum•ming
1) math. the aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars as determined by or as if by the mathematical process of addition:
The sum of 6 and 8 is 14[/ex]
2) an amount or quantity, esp. of money:
to lend small sums[/ex]
3) math. a series of numbers or quantities to be added up
4) math. an arithmetical problem to be solved, or such a problem worked out and having the various steps shown
5) cvb the full amount, or the whole:
the sum of our knowledge[/ex]
6) the main idea, gist, or point:
the sum and substance of his argument[/ex]
7) a summary
8) to combine into an aggregate or total (often fol. by up)
9) math. to ascertain the sum of, as by addition
10) to bring into or contain in a small compass (often fol. by up)
11) to amount
12) phv sum up
a) to express in a brief and comprehensive statement; summarize
b) to form a quick estimate or judgment of
Etymology: 1250–1300; < L summa sum, n. use of fem. of summus highest, superl. of superus (see superior) sum`ma•bil′i•ty, n. sum′ma•ble, adj.

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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